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Head-On Collisions Leave Disability and Death in Their Wake

head-on-crash.pngHead-on collisions cause a disproprotate number of serious disabilities and wrongful deaths than other types of motor vehicle accidents. Accident speed, type of vehicle, seat belt usage, and other factors can influence the severity of the injuries passengers within the vehicle can suffer. The greater the speed, the smaller the vehicle, and failure to wear seat belts are common factors that can result in a fatality.

The Realities of Frontal Collisions  

In 2017, the Insurance Institute for Highway Safety estimated that frontal collisions had an estimated fatality rate of 58% for passengers and drivers. Most of these accidents occur in rural areas and account for approximately 13% of rural motor vehicle accident fatalities. By comparison, only 7% of fatal accidents involve a head-on collision.

Causes & Injuries Associated with Head-On Collisions in Illinois

There are numerous causes of head-on collisions in Illinois. These include motorists who are distracted while driving, drivers who drink and drive, drivers who operate a motor vehicle under the influence of marijuana or other illicit substances, and even drivers who swerve to avoid pedestrians, cyclists, or obstructions in the road. In some cases, elderly drivers can experience confusion when entering the road and end up on the wrong side of the street. 

Regardless of cause, all drivers are legally obligated to avoid causing harm to other motorists. This includes remaining alert, staying sober, and remaining mindful of road conditions and potential hazards that may enter the lane of travel. 

Injuries from head-on collisions can include Traumatic Brain Injuries (TBI), internal bleeding and organ damage, puncture wounds, paralysis, loss of vision, and many others. The more severe the injuries suffered in the collision, the greater the risk of the injuries resulting in a fatality. In many cases, individuals who are involved in a head-on collision in Illinois suffer long-term injuries and varying degrees of permanent disability.

Permanent disabilities can include loss of range of motion, loss of memory function, loss of limb, etc. When these injuries permanently impact the individual's health, it can result in loss of income, loss of earning capacity, loss of consortium, and considerable pain and suffering. 

Comparative Fault in Illinois

Illinois courts follow a modified comparative fault rule. This means that in order to recover compensation, the defendant must be more than 50% at fault for causing the automobile accident. Under these rules, any portion of fault assigned to the plaintiff is subtracted from the court's damage award. 

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